Castel Sant’Angelo — which is literally translated as the “Castle of the Holy Angel” — is also known as the “ausoleum of Hadrian.” The building is a cylindrical tower in Parco Adriano. The castle was originally commissioned by Hadrian himself as a charnel house for the Roman Emperor’ family in the second century. The structure was later used as a castle and a fortress by the popes and was subsequently used as a museum. The Castel Sant’Angelo was once the tallest building in the city of Rome.
The cylindrical building is an architectural masterpiece that was designed in an ancient roman architectural style. The building is 157 feet tall. Popes were known to take refuge in the historical building in times of turbulence. The building has a secret corridor, which is called Passetto di Borgo. The secret corridor was used to protect the pope and his people from the armies of Charles de Bourbon during the sack of Rome in the early sixteenth century.
The Castel Sant’Angelo is a building with a very long and turbulent history. The building has been used for several purposes during the many centuries of its existence. The building has been used as a mausoleum, fortress, papal residence, barracks, military prison, and a national museum.
The magnificent building was constructed between 123 AD and 139 AD. The design of the building was inspired by the Augustus’ Mausoleum building that was constructed a century earlier. Castel Sant’Angelo housed the remains of Emperor Hadrian himself and his many generations’ successors.
The building has a width of 89 meters with a cylindrical drum of 64 meters diameter. The cylindrical drum was topped with a gorgeous Hadrian’s statue.
The Ponte Sant’Angelo bridge connects the city to the mausoleum at the other side of the river. The bridge has lots of statues that are always admired by tourists as they stroll around.
The interiors of the Castel Sant’Angelo are beautifully furnished. The castle’s papal apartments feature gorgeous rooms that are decorated with a lot of frescoes. The many floors below the apartments include a torture chamber and a prison facility.
The building is complemented by the magnificent statue of an angel. The statue stands on the fortress. The angel statue was built by Pieter Verschaffelt in the eighteenth century. It was originally built with marble but was later changed with a bronze replica. The angel statue represents Archangel Michael who was believed to appear in the same spot the statue was built in 590 AD when the Archangel miraculously put an end to the many plagues that infested Rome at that time.
The building was renamed Castel Sant’Angelo which means Saint Angel Castle after these events, to honor and show appreciation to the archangel.