The Colosseum, which is also referred to as the Flavian Amphitheatre, is located in the heart of Rome. Colosseum is an oval amphitheatre that is built of sand and concrete and is the largest amphitheater in the entire Rome.
The amphitheatre was constructed by the Flavian dynasty’s emperors just after the reign of Nero. The architectural masterpiece of the building was designed by architects Vespasian and Titus. The structure measures 620 by 513 feet with the Arch of Constantine located by the main entrance. The Arch was built in honor of the victories of Constantine I over Maxentius in AD 315.
The ancient structure of Colosseum was constructed between AD 72 and AD 80. Emperor Vespasian began the construction, but it was eventually completed in AD 80 by Titus who was his heir and successor. The reign of Domitian between 81 and 96 made further modifications to the Colosseum.
The Colosseum has the capacity to hold between 50,000 and 80,000 spectators. In fact, it recorded an average audience of about 65.000 spectators who viewed the events of the arena.
The Colosseum was used as an entertainment venue for gladiators’ contests and public spectacles like the mock sea battles, executions, animal hunts, classical mythology based dramas and re-enactments of famous battles. Entertainment activities were stopped in the building in the early medieval era and it was subsequently reused for purposes such as workshops, housing, fortress, quarters for a religious order, Christian shrine and quarry.
Despite the fact that the Colosseum has been partially ruined by damages caused by earthquakes and further damages caused by the stone-robbers, the facility still remains a major iconic symbol of Imperial Rome.
Colosseum is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Rome and it has a unique link to the Roman Catholic Church. The sitting arrangement of the Colosseum is believed to be in accordance with social ranking.
The Colosseum can be explored with the help of guided tours. The guided tours help visitors to experience the full glory of the tourist attraction. It helps you to access inner attractions and off-limit spots that are not available to other tourists that hold the standard admission tickets. The tour is led by expert guides that are passionate about the history of Rome. The official guided tours offer the opportunity to enjoy a private view of the arena, the underground chambers and the upper level. To have a great Colosseum experience, consider getting the underground tour.
With some parts ruined, the Colosseum still remains one of the greatest architectural marvels of the world. It seems just like being among the spectators when you are among the numerous tourists that visit the attraction daily. It is a must see for everybody. The building is always filled with tourists, so expect a long queue if you did not book in advance.