The former “temple of every god” — now known as Pantheon — is a building that was constructed on the site of an earlier one which was commissioned during the reign of Augustus by Marcus Agrippa. The building is a historical structure that is believed to be completed and commissioned in 126 AD by Emperor Hadrian.
The architectural style of the Pantheon was designed in the Ancient Roman Architectural style by Architect Apollodorus of Damascus.
Pantheon is circular and it has large granite Corinthian columns portico under a gorgeous pediment. The columns are made up of two groups of four at the back and eight in the front. The columns are 46 feet high and made up of Egyptian granite with Egyptian capitals.
The Pantheon’s porch is linked to the rotunda by a rectangular vestibule. The rotunda is under a coffered concrete dome with an astonishing oculus (a central opening) towards the sky.
Despite the fact that the building was constructed about two thousand years ago, the structure remains the largest unreinforced concrete dome in the entire world today. The diameter of the building”s interior circle and the height of the oculus are the same; 142 feet.
Of all the Ancient Roman buildings, the Pantheon remains one of the best preserved structures, perhaps due to the fact that throughout the history of the building, it was consistently being used and it is still in use. The Pantheon has been used as “St. Mary and the Martyrs” dedicated church since the seventh century. There is a tourist friendly and admirable square called Piazza Della Rotonda in front of the Pantheon building.
Pantheon is a very popular tourist destination in Rome. The attraction welcomes an average of over 5 million visitors yearly. The attraction is owned by the state and it is managed by the Ministry of Cultural Heritage, Activities and Tourism.
Pantheon can best be described as one of the greatest spiritual temples that have ever existed in the entire world, because it was initially constructed as a Roman temple of gods and it later became a Catholic church.
Visitors enter the great circular rooms of the building through magnificent doors that are made of bronze. There is a recessed apse that is semi-circular opposite the door and there are three additional alternately semi-circular and rectangular recesses on each side.
The only natural light that enters the Pantheon enters via the bronze doors to the portico and the unglazed oculus that is at the centre of the dome. Lovely patterns of light illuminate the walls and floors of granite, porphyry, and marbles of the Pantheon as the sun moves.
Pantheon is free to access the experience is great and unforgettable.